Biografia de Nazareno Feitosa (resumo)


Síntese Biográfica de Nazareno Feitosa

Nazareno Feitosa, brasileiro, natural de Fortaleza, reside atualmente em Brasília, onde é servidor público.

Tem formação em Direito e Administração de Empresas e é acadêmico de psicologia.

Entre as atividades voluntárias que exerce é:
- Facilitador de estudos na Comunhão Espírita de Brasília;
- Colaborador da área de Comunicação Social da FEDF - Federação Espírita do Distrito Federal;

Também colabora voluntariamente com:
- a Associação Estação da Luz;
- o Movimento Brasil Sem Aborto;
- o Movimento Ativistas pela Paz e pela Vida; e
- o Movimento Brasil Sem Drogas.

É dedicado estudante do Evangelho de Jesus, das obras de Allan Kardec e dos principais autores espíritas.

Além de realizar palestras no Brasil e no exterior, Nazareno ministra aulas de ESDE - Estudo Sistematizado da Doutrina Espírita, EADE - Estudo Aprofundado da Doutrina Espírita e estudos sobre o Evangelho Segundo o Espiritismo.

É autor de mais de cem títulos de palestras e seminários em DVDs, CDs de áudio e CDs de MP3, cuja renda é integralmente destinada às instituições espíritas beneficentes onde é convidado a ministrar palestras.

Suas conferências também podem ser assistidas na TV do Conselho Espírita Internacional - www.tvcei.com

Nesta Sexta(31/10) Pal. c/ Nazareno Feitosa na SEFA Cachoeirinha/RS


Nesta Sexta-feira (31/out) 20h Nazareno Feitosa realizará palestra na SEFA - Sociedade Francisco de Assis na grande Porto Alegre (cidade de Cachoeirinha/RS).
A exposição será transmitida ao vivo pela SEFA Web TV www.sefa.org.br
O endereço da SEFA - Sociedade Francisco de Assis é
Rua Santa Clara, 170 - Vila Cachoeirinha, Cachoeirinha - RS, 94910-180
(51) 3471-7581
Como chegar: Atravesse a ponte de Cachoeirinha e logo após o 2º posto de gasolina, entre à direita na 1ª rua. Siga adiante, você já está na mesma rua da SEFA. Localização: http://sefabr.wix.com/sefa#!localizacao/c1hx9

FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/sefa.franciscodeassis.9
SITE: http://sefabr.wix.com/sefa


Sábado(01/nov) e Domingo (02/nov), Nazareno estará ministrando palestras em Itaqui, Uruguaiana e Alegrete/RS
Inf.: Juares Leguiza de Miranda (55) 9653 6709 (vivo)
parj6874@yahoo.com.br



Neste fds Sex(31/10)-Dom(02/11): Nazareno Feitosa em POA, Itaqui, Uruguaiana e Alegrete/RS


Nesta Sexta-feira (31/out) 20h Nazareno Feitosa realizará palestra na SEFA - Sociedade Francisco de Assis na grande Porto Alegre (cidade de Cachoeirinha/RS).
A exposição será transmitida ao vivo pela SEFA Web TV www.sefa.org.br
O endereço da SEFA - Sociedade Francisco de Assis é
Rua Santa Clara, 170 - Vila Cachoeirinha, Cachoeirinha - RS, 94910-180
(51) 3471-7581
Como chegar: Atravesse a ponte de Cachoeirinha e logo após o 2º posto de gasolina, entre à direita na 1ª rua. Siga adiante, você já está na mesma rua da SEFA. Localização: http://sefabr.wix.com/sefa#!localizacao/c1hx9

FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/sefa.franciscodeassis.9
SITE: http://sefabr.wix.com/sefa


Sábado(01/nov) e Domingo (02/nov), Nazareno estará ministrando palestras em Itaqui, Uruguaiana e Alegrete/RS:




Neste fds Sex(31/10)-Dom(02/11) Nazareno Feitosa em Cachoeirinha, Porto Alegre, Itaqui, Uruguaiana e Alegrete/RS
Inf.: Juares Leguiza de Miranda (55) 9653 6709 (vivo) parj6874@yahoo.com.br

Palestras Públicas FEDF Sudoeste e FEDF 408 Sul Outubro/2014. 20h-21h

Palestras Públicas da FEDF 408 Sul e FEDF Sudoeste. Outubro. 20h-21h:


  
Sede FEDF 408 Sul
Asa Sul: SHCS – SQ 408 – Área Especial – Templo CEP 70.257-000 – Brasília-DF
 Fones (61) 3443 0306 / 8570 9565
DataTemaExpositorDirigente
01
Ciclo de Palestras  Livro A Caminho da Luz
Jorge Hessen
Waldomiro
06
Curando-se das mágoas e das inquietações
Neuza Zapponi
Heloísa
08
Perdão e Reconciliação
Jonas Ramos
Paulo Celso
13
Conflitos familiares no caminho da evolução
Edmar Jorge
Marilene
15
O ser humano adoecido
Lisieux Bittencourt
 Heloisa
20
Sexualidade na visão espírita
Patrícia Braga
Marilene
22
Depressão e Alegria de Viver
Nazareno Feitosa
Paulo Celso
27
Tema Livre
Mayse Braga
Paulo Maia
29
Amai-vos e instruír-vos
Warwick Mota
Waldomiro
Sede Sudoeste: QMSW 05 Lote 05 – Sudoeste
 Fone / Fax: 3344 8237
DataTemaExpositorDirigente
07
A Reencarnação sob a perspectiva histórica
JORGE HESSEN
BATISTA
14
A paz em família
NAZARENO FEITOSA
BITTENCOURT
21
A Parábola do Bom Samaritano
EDUARDO ALVIM
BATISTA
28
Amai os vossos inimigos – 9a Semana Espírita
Apresentação musical
MÁRCIO CAMARTE
PAULO MAIA

ABEAD GRT 5 – Recomendações para a Prevenção de Drogas no Brasil

ABEAD 2014
GRT 5 – Recomendações para a Prevenção de Drogas no Brasil
Ana Cecilia P. R. Marques, Florence Kerr-Corrêa, Priscila Previato, Clarice Madruga, Cesar Pazzinatto
Ao longo da história da Humanidade, as substâncias psicoativas e psicotrópicas ou de abuso (SP) vem sendo utilizadas com finalidades múltiplas, tanto como parte de cerimônias religiosas, sociais, festivas, até como medicamento, em antigos rituais de cura. Ainda hoje, algumas são prescritas para regular o pensamento e o comportamento. Essa sobreposição de contextos para o uso dificulta o entendimento do processo etiopatogênico, que pode levar de um primeiro contato com uma SP (ou “droga”, no sentido popular da palavra), aos limites devastadores da dependência, com lesões de vários órgãos, entre os quais, e mais importante, o cérebro.
Diversos fatores foram identificados como relevantes na determinação do uso problemático e da dependência, entre eles, os transtornos mentais e de comportamento, que para alguns precedem a experimentação, e na maioria dos casos não são diagnosticados (1-10). O transtorno de atenção na infância, o transtorno opositivo desafiador, são exemplos, pois podem desencadear comportamentos impulsivo-agressivos na adolescência, dificuldades no estabelecimento de relações interpessoais, e ainda mais, abuso e dependência de SP (11-15). Assim, é muito importante definir os pressupostos filosóficos, éticos e científicos para o desenvolvimento de intervenções preventivas. Os mais importantes são:
·         O fenômeno do uso, abuso e dependência de SP é composto por dimensões biológicas e psicossociais, que lhe confere extrema complexidade, e implica em adotar modelos de abordagem com multicomponentes (16-24).
·         Prevenir o uso precoce de SP, isto é, de início na adolescência, é um procedimento que apresenta benefícios para a saúde,comprovadamente (25-38).
·         A dependência de SP é uma grave doença do cérebro, crônica, recidivante e fatal, se não for tratada (39-43).

ABEAD em 1990 elaborou um programa de prevenção para o não uso de álcool, o PRONAL, e recomendou ao governo brasileiro a adoção dos seguintes princípios gerais (44):
·         O impacto do consumo de bebidas alcoólicas atinge o indivíduo e seu entorno e portanto, a prevenção deve ser universal;
·         As ações de enfrentamento do problema devem respeitar particularidades históricas, sociais e culturais, e envolver toda a comunidade;
·         As políticas devem ser integradas às demais, fundamentadas no conhecimento científico já existente sobre o tema.

Na atualidade, a partir dos resultados de estudos recentes sobre prevenção, “novos princípios” são recomendados:
·         A prevenção deve acontecer em níveis hierárquicos de acordo com o diagnóstico situacional (45-53).
·         O modelo preventivo moderno é aquele que otimiza e amplia o foco da intervenção nos fatores de proteção, e age para a diminuição dos de risco, quer seja no indivíduo, na família, na comunidade ou na escola (54-67).
·         Para o desenvolvimento efetivo de medidas preventivas, os pais devem ser envolvidos, pois representam a influência mais importante no comportamento de crianças e adolescentes (68-80).
·         influência do grupo é muito importante: a maioria dos adolescentes estava com amigos quando experimentou pela primeira vez alguma SP (81-97).
·         As políticas sobre drogas devem ser definidas levando em conta as diferenças existentes entre os gêneros, fases do desenvolvimento humano, entre outros aspectos (98-103).
·         Sustentabilidade é um aspecto fundamental para o sucesso de qualquer programa preventivo, pois permite supervisionar, avaliar e redirecionar as ações aplicadas (104-112).

Para desenvolver a prevenção hoje, as seguintes estratégias são preconizadas:
·         Educar ou persuadir as pessoas a não usar, ou fazê-lo, quando permitido, de modo a produzir o menor risco possível (113-117).
·         Dissuadir os comportamentos relacionados ao uso com a ameaça de sanções (persuasão negativa) (118-120).
·         Regulamentar e controlar a disponibilidade das SP ou as condições de sua utilização (121-127).
·         Agregar aos programas preventivos os movimentos sociais ou religiosos empenhados em evitar e reduzir o uso (128-129).
·         Tratar ou aconselhar as pessoas que já apresentam problemas relacionados ao uso (130-140).
·         Acompanhar os resultados dos estudos sobre a estratégia de Redução de Danos, entre outras estratégias aplicadas nos países desenvolvidos, antes de replicá-las no Brasil, e se adotadas, utilizá-las na forma de pesquisa, aplicando os princípios éticos e metodológicos exigidos (141-147).
·         Integrar as políticas preventivas às assistenciais e aquelas para controle da oferta, o modelo de uma política integral, preconizado pela Ciência(148-150).

A ABEAD endossa as recomendações advindas dos estudos científicos, e ressalta que em função da diversidade regional do Brasil, assim como de suas dimensões, é preciso descentralizar as políticas, principalmente as preventivas, aculturando as ações, estruturando-as de acordo com os recursos locais, e acima de tudo, garantindo programas permanentes e sustentáveis.



Referências:
1.    Petraitis J, Flay BR, Miller TQ. Reviewing theories of adolescent substance use: Organizing pieces in the puzzle. Psychol Bull 1995;117:67–86.

2.    Hartel CR., Glantz MD. Drug abuse: Origins and interventions. American Psychological Association; Washington, DC: 1997.

3.    Langås AM, Malt UF, Opjordsmoen S. Comorbid mental disorders in substance users from a single catchment area – a clinical study BMC Psychiatry. 2011; 11: 25.

4.    Degenhardt L, Chiu WT, Conway K, Dierker L, Glantz M, Kalaydjian A, Merikangas K, Sampson N, Swendsen J, Kessler RC. Does the ‘gateway’ matter? Associations between the order of drug use initiation and the development of drug dependence in the National Comorbidity Study Replication Psychol Med. 2009 39(1): 157–167

5.    Glantz MD, Anthony JC, Berglund PC, Degenhardt L, Dierker L, Kalaydjian A, Merikangas KR, AM Ruscio, Swendsen J, Kessler RC. Mental disorders as risk factors for later substance dependence: Estimates of optimal prevention and treatment benefits Psychol Med. 2009 39(8): 1365–1377.

6.    Compton Sociodemographic and Psychopathologic Predictors of First Incidence of DSM-IV Substance Use, Mood, and Anxiety Disorders: Results from the Wave 2 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Mol Psychiatry. 2009 14(11): 1051–1066.

7.    El-Guebaly N. Concurrent substance-related disorders and mental illness: the North American experience World Psychiatry. 2004; 3(3): 182–187

8.    Swadi H. Individual risk factors for adolescent substance use. Drug Alcohol Depend 1999;55:209–224.

9.    Bridget F. Grant, Rise B. Goldstein, S. Patricia Chou, Boji Huang, Frederick S. Stinson, Deborah A. Dawson, Tulshi D. Saha, Sharon M. Smith, Attila J. Pulay, Roger P. Pickering, W. June Ruan, Wilson M.

10.    Kellam SG, Werthamer-Larsson L, Dolan LJ, Brow C. Developmental epidemiologically based preventive trials: baseline modeling of early target behaviors and depressive symptoms. American Journal of community Psychology. 1991;19(4):563-584

11.    DeMarsh J, Kumpfer K. Family environmental and genetic influences on children’s future chemical dependency. Journal of Children in Contemporary Society: Advances in Theory and Applied Research. 1985;18(1-2):49-92

12.    Upadhyaya HP Substance Use Disorders in Children and Adolescents With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Implications for Treatment and the Role of the Primary Care Physician Prim Care Companion J Clin Psychiatry. 2008; 10(3): 211–221.

13.    Kellam SG, Brown C, Hendricks F. Relationship of first-grade social adaptation to teenage drinking, drug-use and smoking. Digest of Alcoholism Theory and Application. 1983;2:20-24.

14.    Risë B. Goldstein, Wilson M. Compton, Attila J. Pulay, W. June Ruan, Roger P. Pickering, Frederick S. Stinson, Bridget F. Grant   Antisocial Behavioral Syndromes and DSM-IV Drug Use Disorders in the United States: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007, 8; 90(2-3): 145–158.

15.    Fallu JS, Janosz M, Brière FN, Descheneaux A, Vitaro F, Tremblay RE. Preventing disruptive boys from becoming heavy substance users during adolescence:a longitudinal study of familial and peer related protective factors. Addict Behav. 2010; 35(12):1074-82

16.    Kimonis ER, Tatar JR, II, Cauffman E. Substance Related Disorders among Juvenile Offenders: What Role Do Psychopathic Traits Play? Psychol Addict Behav  2012; 26(2): 212–225.

17.    Newcomb, MD.; Locke, T. Health, social, and psychological consequences of drug use and abuse. In: Sloboda, Z., editor. Epidemiology of drug abuse. Springer; New York: 2005. 45-59.

18.    Kandel, D. Stages and pathways of drug involvement: Examining the gateway hypothesis. Cambridge University Press; New York: 2002.

19.    Casey BJ, Jones RM. Neurobiology of the adolescent brain and behavior: implications for substance use disorders. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2010; 49(12):1189-201.

20.    Khantzian EJ. The self-medication hypothesis of substance use disorders: A reconsideration and recent applications. Harv Rev Psychiatry 1997;4:231–244

21.    Tarter RE, Kirisci L, Mezzich A, Cornelius JR, Pajer K, Vanyukov M, Gardner W, Blackson T, Clark D. Neurobehavioral disinhibition in childhood predicts early age at onset of substance use disorder.Am J sychiatry. 2003;160(6):1078-85.

22.    .Saal D, Dong Y, Bonci A, et al. Drugs of abuse and stress trigger a common synaptic adaptation in dopamine neurons. Neuron 2003;37:577–582.

23.    Ridenour TA, Molina MM, Compton WM, Spitznagel EL, Cottler LB. Factors associated with the transition from abuse to dependence among substance abusers: Implications for a measure of addictive liability Drug Alcohol Depend. 2005, 1; 80(1): 1–14.

24.    Hardin MG, Ernst M.  Functional brain imaging of development-related risk and vulnerability for substance use in adolescents. Journal of Addiction Medicine. 2009; 3(2), 47-54.

25.    Perry JL, Joseph JE, Jiang Y,  Zimmerman RS, Kelly TH, Darna M, Huettl P, Dwoskin LP, Bardo Prefrontal Cortex and Drug Abuse Vulnerability: Translation to Prevention and Treatment Interventions. Brain Res Rev. 2011. 1; 65(2): 124–149.

26.    Institute of Medicine. Reducing risks for mental disorders: Frontiers for preventive intervention research. National Academy Press; Washington, DC: 1994

27.    Kumpfer KL, Turner C. The social ecology model of adolescent substance abuse: Implications for prevention. The International Journal of the Addictions. 1990;25(4A):435-462.

28.    Kumpfer KL. Children and adolescents and drug and alcohol abuse and addiction: Review of prevention strategies. In NS. Miller (ed.) Comprehensive Handbook of Drug and Alcohol Addiction. New York, NY, Marcel Dekker; 1991.

29.    Kumpfer KL, Turner C, Alvarado R. A Community change model for school health promotion. Journal of Health Education. 1991a;22(2):94-110.

30.    Gottfredson DC, Wilson DB (2003) Characteristics of effective school-based substance abuse prevention. Prev Sci 4: 27–38.

31.    Cuijpers P (2002) Effective ingredients of school-based drug prevention programs: a systematic review. Addict Behav 27: 1009–1023.

32.    Bond L, Patton G, Glover S, Carlin JB, Butler H, et al. (2004) The Gatehouse Project: can a multilevel school intervention affect emotional wellbeing and health risk behaviors? J Epidemiol Community Health 58: 997–1003.

33.    National Institute on Drug Abuse. Preventing drug use among children and adolescents: a research-based guide (NIH Publication 97-4212).  Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse; 1997.

34.    Botvin GJ. Preventing drug abuse in schools: Social and competence enhancement approaches targeting individual-level etiological factors. Addict Behav 2000;25:887–897.

35.    Schinke S, Brounstein P, Gardner S. Science-Based Prevention Programs and Principles. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; Rockville, MD: 2002. 2002. DHHS Pub. No. (SMA) 03-3764

36.    Nation M, Crusto C, Wanderman A, Kumpfer K, Seybolt D, Morrisey E, Davino K. What works in prevention: Principles of effective prevention programs. American Psychologist. 2003:58.

37.    Spoth R, Trudeau L, Guyll M, Shin C, Redmond C. Universal Intervention Effects on Substance Use Among Young Adults Mediated by Delayed Adolescent Substance Initiation J Consult Clin Psychol. 2009 77(4): 620–632.

38.    Griffin KW, Botvin GJ. Evidence-Based Interventions for Preventing Substance Use Disorders in Adolescents Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2010 19(3): 505–526.

39.    Institute of Medicine. Prevention and treatment of alcohol problems: research opportunities . IOM 89-13. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1989.

40.    Instititute of Medicine. “Treating Drug Problems: A Study of the Evolution, Effectiveness, and Financing of Public and Private Drug Treatment Systems.” Report prepared by the Institute of Medicine, Committee for the Substance Abuse Coverage Study, Division of Health Care Services. Washington, DC: N.1990.

41.    WHO (2008) Environmental Burden of Disease Series, World Health Organization. Access:
www.who.int/quantifying_ehimpacts/national.

42.    WHO (2009) Global Burden of Disease, World Health Organization. Access:
www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/estimates_country

43.    National Institute on Drug Abuse Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research-Based Guide (Third Edition) 2012.

44.    National Institute on Drug Abuse Principles of Adolescent Substance Use Disorder Treatment: A Research-Based Guide 2014.

45.    ABEAD Proposta para uma política nacional de prevenção do consumo do álcool, tabaco e outras substâncias psicoativas. Brasília, 1990.

46.    Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP web site). www.nrepp.samhsa.gov

47.    Dryfoos JG. Adolecents at risk: Prevalence and prevention. New York: Oxford University Press; 1990

48.    Gorman DM (1992) Using theory and basic research to target primary prevention programs: recent developments and future prospects. Alcohol Alcohol 27: 583–594.

49.    Coie JD, Watt NF, West SG, Hawkins JD, Asarnow JR, et al. (1993) The science of prevention: a conceptual framework and some directions for a national research program. Am Psychol 48: 1013–1022.

50.    Institute of Medicine. Reducing risks for mental disorders: Frontiers for preventive intervention research. National Academy Press; Washington, DC: 1994.

51.    Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group Merging Universal and Indicated Prevention Programs: The Fast Track Model Addict Behav. 2000; 25(6): 913–927

52.    Nation M, Crusto C, Wandersman A, Kumpfer KL, Seybolt D, et al. (2003) What works in prevention: principles of effective prevention programs. Am Psychol 58: 449–456.

53.    Griffin KW, Botvin GJ, Nichols TR, Doyle MM (2003) Effectiveness of a universal drug abuse prevention approach for youth at high risk for substance use initiation. Prev Med 36: 1–7.

54.    Lee TY. Construction of an Integrated Positive Youth Development Conceptual Framework for the Prevention of the Use of Psychotropic Drugs among Adolescents ScientificWorldJournal. 2011; 11: 2403–2417

55.    Neiger B. Resilient reintegration: Use of structural equations modeling. Dissertation submitted to the faculty of the University of Utah, Department of Health Education; 1991.

56.    Johnson CA, Pentz MA, Weber MD, Dwyer JH, Baer N, et al. (1990) Relative effectiveness of comprehensive community programming for drug abuse prevention with high-risk and low-risk adolescents. J Consult Clin Psychol 58: 447–456.

57.    Swadi H. Individual risk factors for adolescent substance use. Drug Alcohol Depend 1999;55:209–224.

58.    Hawkins JD, Catalano RF, Miller JY. Risk and protective factors for alcohol and other drug problem  in adolescence  and early  adulthood: Implications  for substance abuse prevention. Psychological Bulletin. 1992; 112(1):64-105.

59.    Mrazek PB, Haggerty RJ. Reducing risks for mental disorders: Frontiers for prevent research. Washington, DC. National Academy Press. 1994

60.    Schinke S, Brounstein P, Gardner S. Science-Based Prevention Programs and Principles. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; Rockville, MD: 2002. 2002. DHHS Pub. No. (SMA) 03-3764

61.    Botvin GJ. Preventing drug abuse in schools: Social and competence enhancement approaches targeting individual-level etiological factors. Addict Behav 2000;25:887–897.

62.    Clayton RR. Transitions in drug use: risk and protective factors. In M. D. Cornstone Consulting Group. (2002). End game: the challenge of sustainability: Cambridge, MA, EUA.1992.

63.    Botvin GJ, Baker E, Renick NL, Filazzola AD, Botvin Foxcroft DR, Ireland D, Lister-Sharp DJL, Breen R. (2003) Longer-term primary prevention for alcohol misuse in young people: a systematic review. Addiction 98.

64.    Jessor R. Risk behaviour in adolescence: a psychosocial framework for understanding and action. Dev Rev 1992: 12: 374–390.

65.    Winters KC, Fawkes T, Fahnhorst T, Botzet A, August G. A synthesis review of exemplary drug abuse prevention programs in the United States. Journal of Subst Abuse Treat. 2007;32:371-380.

66.    Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP web site). www.nrepp.samhsa.gov ano ?????

67.    Faggiano F, Vigna-Taglianti F, Burkhart G, Bohrn K, Cuomo L, et al. (2010) The effectiveness of a school-based substance abuse prevention program: 18-month follow-up of the EU-Dap cluster randomized controlled trial. Drug Alcohol Depend 108: 56–64.

68.    Kumpfer KL. The Cinderellas of prevention want to go to the ball, too. In KH Rey CL, Faegre,  Lowery  P(eds.) Prevention Research Findings; 1989.

69.    Fletcher A, Bonell C, Hargreaves J. School effects on young people’s drug use: A systematic review of intervention and observational studies. J Adolesc Health 2008;42:209–220. [PubMed: 18295128]

70.    Kellam SG, Brown HC, Poduska J, Ialongo N, Wang W, Toyinbo P, Petras H, Ford C, Windham A, Wilcox HC Effects of a Universal Classroom Behavior Management Program in First and Second Grades on Young Adult Behavioral, Psychiatric, and Social Outcomes Drug Alcohol Depend. 2008. 1; 95(Suppl 1): S5–S28

71.    Coombs RH, Paulson MJ, Richardson MA. Peer vs. Parental influence in substance use in Hispanic and Anglo children and adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescent. 1991;20(1):73-88

72.    Kumpfer KL. How to get hard-to-reach parents involved in parenting programs. In Office of Substance Abuse Prevention: Parent Training Is Prevention: Preventing Alcohol and Other Drug Problems Among Youth In The Family; 1991b.

73.    Kumpfer KL. Strengthening America’s families: Promising parenting and family strategies for delinquency prevention. User’s Guide. Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Juvenile Programs, US Department  of  Justice; 1992.

74.    Stern A. Family influences on alcohol and other drug-taking behavior: Implications for prevention programming. Paper prepared for the Southwest Regional Center for Drug-free Schools and Communities, Los Angeles, CA; 1992.

75.    Spoth RL, Redmond C, Shin C (2001) Randomized trial of brief family interventions for general populations: adolescent substance use outcomes 4 years following baseline. J Consult Clin Psychol 69: 627–642.

76.    Lochman JE, van den Steenhoven A. Family-based approaches to substance abuse prevention. J Prim Prev 2002;23:49–114.

77.    Spoth RL, Redmond C, Trudeau L, Shin C. Longitudinal substance initiation outcomes for a universal preventive intervention combining family and school programs. Psychol Addict Behav 2002, 16: 129–134.

78.    Lochman JE, Van Den Steenhoven A. Family-based approaches to substance abuse prevention. J Prim Prev 2002;23:49–114.

79.    Stanton B, Cole M, Galbraith J, Li X, Pendleton S, et al. (2004) Randomized trial of a parent intervention. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 158.

80.    Hogue A, Liddle HA. Family-based treatment for adolescent substance abuse: controlled trials and new horizons in services research. Journal of Family Therapy 31(2):126–154, 2009.

81.    Byrnes HF, Miller BA, Aalborg AE, Plasencia AV, Keagy CD. Implementation fidelity in adolescent family-based prevention programs: relationship to family engagement Health Educ Res. 2010, 25(4): 531–541.

82.    Bröning S, Kumpfer K, Kruse K, Sack PM, Schaunig-Busch I, Ruths S, Moesgen D, Pflug E, Klein M, Thomasius R. Selective prevention programs for children from substance-affected families: a comprehensive systematic review Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2012; 7: 23.

83.    Mayberry ML, Espelage DL, Koenig B. Multilevel modeling of direct effects and interactions of peers, parents, school, and community influences on adolescent substance use. J Youth Adolesc 2009;38:1038–49.

84.    Hays SP, Hays CE, Mulhall PF. Community risk and protective factors and adolescent substance use. J Prim Prev 2003;24:125–142

85.    Chassin L, Presson CC, Sherman JJ. Cigarette smoking and adolescent psychosocial development. Basic and Applied Social Psycology. 1984;5:295-315.

86.    Hahn G, Charlin VL, Sussman S, Dent CW, Manzi J, Stacy AW. Adolescents’ first and most recent use situations of smokeless tobacco and cigarettes: Similarities and differences. Addictive Behaviors. 1990;15:439-448.

87.    Greenfield T, Zimmerman R. Experiences with community action projects: new research in the prevention of alcohol and other drug problems. DHHS Publication No. (ADM) 93-1976, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, Rockville, MD; 1993. .

88.    Urberg KA, Değirmencioğlu SM, Pilgrim C. Close friend and group influence on adolescent cigarette smoking and alcohol use. Dev Psychol. 1997, 33(5):834-44.

89.    Derzon JH, Lipsey MW. Predicting tobacco use to age 18: A synthesis of longitudinal research. Addiction. 1999;94:995-1006.

90.    Alexander C, Piazza M, Mekos D, Valente T. Peers, schools, and adolescent cigarette smoking. J Adolesc Health. 2001;29(1):22-30

91.    Kirke DM. Chain reactions’ in adolescents cigarette, alcohol and drug use: Similarity through peer influence or the patterning of ties’ in peer networks? Social Networks. 2004;26:3-28.

92.    Thomas W. Valente, Chich Ping Chou, Mary Ann Pentz Community Coalitions as a System: Effects of Network Change on Adoption of Evidence-Based Substance Abuse Prevention Am J Public Health. 2007. 97(5): 880–886.

93.    Oesterle S, Hawkins JD, Fagan AA, Abbott RD, Catalano RF. Testing the Universality of the Effects of the Communities That Care Prevention System for Preventing Adolescent Drug Use and Delinquency Prev Sci. 2010; 11(4): 411–423

94.    Byrnes HF,. Miller BA, Chamratrithirong A, Rhucharoenpornpanich O, Cupp PK, Atwood PK, Fongkaew W, Rosati MJ, Chookhare W. Neighborhood Perceptions and Parent Outcomes in Family Based Prevention Programs for Thai Adolescents: The Role of Program EngagementJ Drug Educ. 2011; 41(2): 161–181

95.    Johnston LD, O’Malley PM, Bachman GM. Drug Use Among American High School Students, College Students, and Young Adults: 1975-1990. Rockville, MD, National Institute on Drug Abuse; 1991.

96.    Pentz MA, Dwyer JH, MacKinnon DP, Flay BR, Hansen WB, Wang EY, Johnson CA. A Multi-community trial for primary prevention of adolescent drug abuse: Effects on drug use prevalence. Journal of the American Medical Association. 1989;261:3259-66.

97.    Holmila M. Community prevention of alcohol problems. Macmillan, Basingstoke, UK; 1997.

98.    Gates S, McCambridge J, Smith LA, Foxcroft D (2006) Interventions for prevention of drug use by young people delivered in non-school settings (Review). Cochrane Database Syst Rev.

99.    Room, R. Alcohol and crime: behavioral aspects. In Encyclopedia of crime and justice,Vol. 1 (ed. 5. Kadish); 1983:35-44. Free Press, New York.

100.    Palinkas LA, Atkins CJ, Miller C, Ferreira D (1996) Social skills training for drug prevention in high-risk female adolescents. Prev Med 25: 692–701.

101.    Spear LP. The adolescent brain and age-related behavioral manifestations. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 2002;24:417-463.

102.    Schwinn TM, Schinke SP, Di Noia J (2010) Preventing drug abuse among adolescent girls: outcome data from an internet-based intervention. Prev Sci 11:24–32.

103.    McBride DC, Terry-McElrath YM, VanderWaal CJ, Chriqui JF, Myllyluoma J US Public Health Agency Involvement in Youth-Focused Illicit Drug Policy, Planning, and Prevention at the Local Level, 1999–2003 Am J Public Health. 2008 98(2): 270–277.

104.    Eriksson C, Geidne S, Larsson M, Pettersson C. A Research Strategy Case Study of Alcohol and Drug Prevention by Non-Governmental Organizations in Sweden 2003-2009 Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2011; 6: 8.

105.    Johnson KW, Grube JW, Ogilvie KA, Collins D, Courser M, L. Dirks G, Ogilvie D, Driscoll D. A Community Prevention Model to Prevent Children from Inhaling and Ingesting Harmful Legal Products Eval Program Plann. 2012; 35(1): 113–123

106.    Cornestone Consulting Group. End game: the challenge of sustainability: Cambridge, MA, EUA.2002.

107.    Elliot DS, Mihalic S. Issues in disseminating and explicating effective prevention programs. Prevention Science. 2004;5:47-52.

108.    Chisholm D, Rehm J, Ommeren MV, Monteiro M. Reducing the global burden of hazardous alcohol use: a comparative cost effectiveness analysis. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 2004;65:782-93.

109.    Rohrbach LA, Gunning M, Sun P, Sussman S. The Project Towards No Drug Abuse (TND) Dissemination Trial: Implementation Fidelity and Immediate Outcomes Prev Sci. 2010; 11(1): 77.

110.    Brown CH, Kellam SG, Kaupert S, Muthén BO, Wang W, Muthén LK, Chamberlain P, PoVey CL, Cady R, Valente TW, Ogihara, M Prado GJ, Pantin HM, Gallo CG, Szapocznik J, Czaja SJ, McManus JH.  Partnerships for the Design, Conduct, and Analysis of Effectiveness, and Implementation Research: Experiences of the Prevention Science and Methodology Group Adm Policy Ment Health. 2012, 39(4): 301–31.

111.    Max Guyll, Richard Spoth, Marilyn Cornish Substance misuse prevention and economic analysis: Challenges and opportunities regarding international utility Subst Use Misuse.  2012; 47(0): 877–888.

112.    Griffith KN, Scheier LM. Did We Get Our Money’s Worth? Bridging Economic and Behavioral Measures of Program Success in Adolescent Drug Prevention Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013; 10(11): 5908–5935

113.    National Institute on Drug Abuse. Preventing drug use among children and adolescents: a research-based guide (NIH Publication 97-4212).  Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse; 1997.

114.    White D, Pitts M Educating young people about drugs: a systematic review. Addiction 1998, 93: 1475–1487.

115.    Ellickson PL, Collins RL, Hambarsoomians K, McCaffrey DF. Does alcohol advertising promote adolescent drinking? Results from a longitudinal assessment. Addiction. 2005;100:235-46

116.    Simão MO, Kerr-Corrêa F, Smaira SI, Trinca LA., Floripes TMF, Dalben I, Martins RA, Oliveira JB, Cavariani MB., Tucci  AM. Prevention of “risky” drinking among students at a Brazilian university. Alcohol & Alcoholism. 2008:43:470-6.

117.    Room R. Prevention of alcohol – related problems. In Gelder M, Andreasen NC; López-Ibor Jr JJ, Geddes JR, editors. New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 2009:467-71.

118.    Babor T, Caetano R, Casswell S, Edwards G, Giestbrecht N, Graham K, Grube J, Gruenewald P, Hill L, Holder H, Osterberg R, Rehm J, Rossow L. Alcohol: no ordinary commodity-research and public policy. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2003.

119.    World Health Organization. Global status report: alcohol policy. World Health Organization, Geneva. 2004 http://www.who.int/substanceabuse/publications/en/Alcohol%2OPolicy%2oReport.pdf.

120.    Laranjeira R, Romano M. Consenso brasileiro sobre políticas públicas do álcool. Rev. Bras Psiquiatr. 2004;26(1):72-5.

121.    Tye J, Warner K, Glantz S. Tobacco advertising and consumption: evidence of a causal relationship.J Public Health Policy 1987;8:492–507.

122.    Wyllie A, Zhang JF, Casswell S. Positive responses to televised beer advertisements associated with drinking and problems reported by 18- to 29-year-olds. Addiction. Addiction,1998:93. 749-760.

123.    Villani S. Impact of media on children and adolescents: A 10-year review of the research. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2001;40:392–401.

124.    Vendrame A, Pinsky I, Souza e Silva R, Babor T Assessment of Self-Regulatory Code Violations in Brazilian Television Beer Advertisements J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2010; 71(3): 445–451.

125.    Babor T, Caetano R, Casswell S, Edwards G, Giestbrecht N, Graham K, Grube J, Gruenewald P, Hill L, Holder H, Osterberg R, Rehm J, Rossow L. Alcohol: no ordinary commodity-research and public policy. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2003.

126.    Cook P. Effect of liquor taxes on drinking, cirrhosis, and auto accidents. In Alcohol and public policy: beyond the shadow of prohibition (eds. M.H. Moore and D.R. Gerstein). 1981:255-85. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

127.    Stockwell T, Hawks D, Lang E, Rydon P. Unraveling the preventive paradox. Drug and Alcohol Review. 1996;15:7-16.

128.    Giesbrecht N, Conley P, Denniston RW, Gliksman L, Holder H, Pederson A, Room R, Shain M Research, action and the community: experiences in the prevention of alcohol and other drug problems. DHHS Publication No. (ADM); 1990:89-165, Office of Substance Abuse Prevention, Rockville, MD.

129.    Sutton C. Swedish alcohol discourse: constructions of a social problem. Uppsala University Library, Studia Sociologica Upsaliensia 45, Uppsala; 1998.

130.    Room R. Voluntary organizations and the state in the prevention of alcohol problems. Drugs & Society. 1997;11:11-23.

131.    Long CG, Williams M, Hoilin CR. Treating alcohol problems: a study of program effectiveness and cost effectiveness according to length and delivery of treatment. Addiction. 1998;93:561-71.

132.    Babor TF, Grant M. Randomized clinical trial of brief interventions in primary health care: summary of a WHO project (with commentaries and a response). Addiction. 1994;89:657-78.

133.    Holder HD, Cunningham DW. Alcoholism treatment for employees and family members: its effect on health care costs. Alcohol Health and Research World. 1992;16:149-53

134.    Holder HD, Lennox RDL, Biose JO. Economic benefits of alcoholism treatment: a summary of twenty years of research. Journal of Employee Assistance Research. 1992;1:63-82.

135.    Richmond R, Heather N, Wodak A, Kehoe L, Webster I. Controlled evaluation of a general practice-based brief intervention for excessive drinking. Addiction. 1995;90:119-32.

136.    Roche AM, Freeman T. Brief interventions: good in theory but weak in practice? Drug and Alcohol Review. 2004;23:11-18.

137.    Norstrom T. Abolition of the Swedish alcohol rationing system: effects on consumption distribution and cirrhosis mortality. British Journal of Addiction. 1987;82:633-41.

138.    Holder HD, Reynolds R. Science and alcohol policy at the local level: a respectful partnership. Addiction. 1998;93(10):1467-73.

139.    World Health Organization. Global status report: alcohol policy. World Health Organization, Geneva. 2004

140.    WHO. “Comparative Quantification of Health Risks – Global and regional burden of disease attributable to selected major risk factors”, Eds. M. Ezzati et al., World Health Organization. Access: www.who.int/publications/cra. 2004.

141.    Baggott R. Alcohol, politics and social policy. Avebury Aldershot, UK, 1990.

142.    Moore MH, Gerstein DR. Alcohol and public policy: beyond the shadow of prohibition. National Academy Press, Washington, DC; 1981.

143.    Teasley DL. Drug legalization and the ‘lessons’ of prohibition. Contemporary Drug Problems. 1992;19:27-52.

144.    Cook PJ, Moore MH. Violence reduction through restrictions on alcohol availability. Alcohol Health and Research World. 1993;17:151-56.

145.    Smart RG, Mann RE. Interventions into alcohol problems: what works? Addiction. 1997;92:9-13.

146.    Marlatt GA. Harm reduction for alcohol problems; Early intervention reduces drinking risk in college students. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1998;66:604-15.

147.    Crombie IK, Irvine L, Eiliott L, Wallace H. How do public health policies tackle alcohol-related harm? A review of 12 developed countries. Alcohol and Alcoholism. 2007;42:492-99.

148.    WHO Effectiveness of sterile needle and syringe programming in reducing HIV/AIDS among injecting drug users, Evidence for action technical papers. WHO, Genebra. 2004.

149.    Werch C, Moore MM, DiClemente CC, Owen DM, Carlson JM, et al. (2005) Single vs. multiple drug prevention: is more always better?: A pilot study. Subst Use Misuse 40: 1085–1101.


150.    Midford R Drug prevention programmes for young people: where have we been and where should we be going? (2009) Addiction, 105, 1688-1695. _2, 105, 1688-1695, 20099Addiction0 1688..1695